| Last update 12-10-2015||
1st degree (Bachelor)
Mr. Assaf Shapira
Coordinator Office Hours:
The course deals with the citizenship policies of developed democracies toward immigrants. It has two parts:
In the first part we will discuss the mass immigration to developed democracies in the last decades and its influence on their citizenship policies.
In the second part we will look at the Israeli case and examine the patterns of immigration to Israel over the years and its citizenship policy. We will focus on the non-Jewish immigrants who came to Israel since the 1990s: labor immigrants, asylum seekers, marriage immigrants, etc.
The students will learn about the processes that have shaped the citizenship policies of developed democracies and the patterns of change and stability in these policies in the last decades, especially in Israel.
Learning outcomes - On successful completion of this module, students should be able to:
1. To understate the meaning and importance of citizenship policy towards immigrants and the ways in which it can be measured and categorized.
2. To recognize the main characteristics of the mass immigration to developed democracies in the last decades and the following changes in their citizenship policies.
3. To identify the various factors shaping developed democracies' citizenship policies, especially the actors involved, their interests and ideology, the resources they can employ and the tactics they use.
4. To analyze the Israeli case, including patterns of immigration to Israel and the roots and causes of its citizenship policy.
Teaching arrangement and method of instruction:
A. Theoretical and Comparative Background
2. Patterns of immigration to developed democracies.
3. Citizenship – general background.
4. Citizenship policies of developed democracies – rules and measurements.
5. Citizenship policies of developed democracies – historical variation and legacies.
6. Changes in citizenship policies of developed democracies: part A – liberalization.
7. Political explanations for changes in citizenship policies.
8. Changes in citizenship policies of developed democracies: part B – a restrictive turn?
B. The Israeli Case
9. Patterns of immigration to Israel since its establishment.
10. Israel's citizenship policy.
11. The politics of citizenship in Israel – characteristics and explanations.
12. Case studies – labor immigrants' children, Palestinians.
13. Other cases – marriage immigrants, common-law marriage and same-sex couples, children, elderlies, South Lebanon Army men, African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem (Black Hebrews), asylum seekers, Palestinians collaborators, Falash Mura, etc.
14. Conclusion and a look to the future.
2. Castles, Stephen, Hein de Haas, and Mark J. Miller, 2014. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, 5th ed. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan). pp. 1-24.
3. Joppke, Christian, 2007. "Transformation of Citizenship: Status, Rights, Identity," Citizenship Studies, 11 (1): 37-48.
Shafir, Gershon and Yoav Peled, 2002. Being Israeli: The dynamics of Multiple Citizenship (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 3-11.
4. Howard, Marc M., 2009. The Politics of Citizenship in Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 17-26.
Helbling, Marc, 2011. "Which Indicators are most Useful for Comparing Citizenship Policies?" in Which Indicators are most Useful for Comparing Citizenship Policies? ed. by Rainer Baubock and Marc Helbling, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2011/54, pp. 1-5, http://eudo-citizenship.eu/docs/RSCAS_2011_54.pdf.
5. Janoski, Thomas, 2010. The Ironies of Citizenship: Naturalization and Integration in Industrialized Countries (New York: Cambridge University Press), pp. 5-16.
Brubaker, Rogers, 1992. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany (Cambridge and London: Oxford University Press), pp. 1-20.
6. Weil, Patrick, 2001. "Access to Citizenship: A Comparison of Twenty-Five Nationality Laws," in Citizenship Today: Global Perspectives and Practices, ed. by T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Douglas Klusmeyer (Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), pp. 17-35.
Koopmans, Ruud, Ines Michalowski, and Stine Waibel. 2012. "Citizenship Rights for Immigrants: National Political Processes and Cross-National Convergence in Western Europe, 1980-2008," American Journal of Sociology, 117 (4): 1204-1207.
7. Hansen, Randall and Jobst Koehler, 2005. "Issue Definition, Political Discourse and the Politics of Nationality Reform in France and Germany," European Journal of Political Research, vol. 44, no. 5: 623-644.
Howard, Marc M., 2006. "Comparative Citizenship: An Agenda for Cross-National Research," Perspective on Politics, 4 (3): 448-451.
8. Joppke, Christian, 2008. "Comparative Citizenship: a Restrictive Turn in Europe?" Law & Ethics of Human Rights, 2 (1): 1-41.
Smooha, Sammy, 2008. "Comparative Citizenship: A Restrictive Turn in Europe and a Restrictive Regime in Israel: Response to Joppke," Demography and Human Rights, 2 (1): 1-12.
9. Elias, Nelly and Adriana Kemp, 2010. "The New Second Generation: Non-Jewish Olim, Black Jews and Children of Migrant Workers in Israel," Israel Studies, 15 (1): 73-94.
10. Shachar, Ayelet, 2000. "Citizenship and Membership in the Israeli Polity," in From Migrants to Citizens: Membership in a Changing World, ed. By T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Douglas Klusmeyer (Washington. D.C.: Brookings Institution Press), pp. 386-433.
Law of Return, 1950.
Citizenship Law, 1952.
11. Bartram, David, 2011. "Migration, Ethno-Nationalist Destinations, and Social Divisions: Non-Jewish Immigrants in Israel," Ethnopolitics, 10 (2): 235-252.
Joppke, Christian and Zeev Rosenhak, 2002. "Contesting Ethnic Immigration: Germany and Israel Compared," European Journal of Sociology, 43 (3): 301-335.
12. Kemp, Adriana, 2007,"Managing Migration, Reprioritizing National Citizenship: Undocumented Migrant Workers' Children and Policy Reforms in Israel," Theoretical inquiries in law, 8 (2): 663-691.
Peled, Yoav, 2007. "Citizenship Betrayed: Israel's Emerging Immigration and Citizenship Regime," Theoretical Inquiries in Law, 8 (2): 603-628.
13. Herzog, Ben, 2009. "The road to Israeli Citizenship: The Case of the South Lebanese Army (SLA)," Citizenship Studies, 13 (6): 575-592.
Kritzman-Amir, Tally, 2009. "'Otherness' as the Underlying Principle in Israel's Asylum Regime," Israel Law Review, 42 (3): 603-627.
14. Conclusion and a look to the future.
Additional Reading Material:
To be published on the course Moodle website.
End of year written/oral examination 0 %
Presentation 0 %
Participation in Tutorials 20 %
Project work 80 %
Assignments 0 %
Reports 0 %
Research project 0 %
Quizzes 0 %
Other 0 %
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