2nd degree (Master)
Dr. Orna Keren-Carmel
Coordinator Office Hours:
By prior arrangement, via e-mail
Dr. Orna Keren
During the 1930's, in an attempt to cope with the severe contemporary economic crisis, the majority of European countries voted for radical ruling parties – from both extremes of the political spectrum. However, in the Nordic countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland – which was still part of Denmark at the time), a 'third way' gradually developed, an intermediate approach between capitalism and communism. Eventually, as a consequence of extraordinary historical circumstances, this approach was titled the 'Nordic model', and it has been characterized by several unique features: a generous welfare state, democratization of society, adult education (Life Long Learning), striving for gender and class equality, and a political decision making process based on compromise and consensus. In this class, we will explore the historical developments that have led to the creation of the Nordic model - today one of the most successful models in the world according to OECD's indices - and critically analyze its ability to cope with various up-to-date national and global challenges.
Learning outcomes - On successful completion of this module, students should be able to:
- Exhibit basic knowledge and understanding of similarities and differences in the Nordic countries' historical development towards Welfare Regimes
- Analyze the complex cooperative relations between the Nordic countries from the beginning of the 20th century and until our days
- Assess the challenges facing the Nordic Model within the European Union as well as towards globalization processes
Teaching arrangement and method of instruction:
Lectures, presentations and class discussions.
20th century history of the Nordic Countries
'The Third Way'
Nordic countries and the EU
1. Introduction - The Nordic Model(s)
2. The Nordic model and the Second World War
Niels Finn Christiansen & Klaus Petersen (2001), "The Dynamics of Social Solidarity: The Danish Welfare State, 1900-2000", Scandinavian Journal of History, 26:3, pp. 177-196.
3. The Nordic welfare state
Øyvind Bjørnson (2001), "The Social Democrats and the Norwegian Welfare State: Some Perspectives", Scandinavian Journal of History, 26:3, pp. 197-223.
4. The Nordic society
Marquis W. Childs (eighth printing 1971), "Liquor Control That Works", in: Sweden: The Middle Way, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 102-116.
5. The Nordic model and immigration
Mikael Bystöm (2014), "When the State Stepped into the Arena: The Swedish Welfare State, Refugees and Immigrants 1930s-50s", Journal of Contemporary History, 49(3), pp. 599-621.
Mats Wickström (2016), "Nordic brothers before strange others: pan-national boundary making in the post-war naturalization policies of the Nordic countries", Ethnic and Racial Studies, pp. 1-19.
6. The Nordic economic model
עמי וטורי (דצמבר 2007), "עבודה ורווחה - המודל הסקנדינבי", פנים: כתב עת לתרבות, חברה וחינוך, גליון 41.
7. The Nordic political model
Gudmundur Jonsson (2014), "Iceland and the Nordic Model of Consensus Democracy", Scandinavian Journal of History, 39:4, pp. 510-528.
8. The Nordic educational model – Adult education
Staffan Larsson & Henrik Nordvall (2010), "Study Circles in Sweden – An Overview with a Bibliography of International Literature", Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education no. 5, Linköping University Electronic Press, pp. 1-37.
9. The Nordic model and the world
Pauli Kettunen (2001), "The Nordic Welfare State in Finland", Scandinavian Journal of History, 26:3, pp. 225-247.
10. The Nordic model and the EU
Alyson J. K. Bailes, "Introduction: The European defence challenge for the Nordic region", in: "The Nordic Countries and the European Security and Defence Policy", eds. Bailes, Herolf & Sundelius, pp. 1-26.
11. Scandinavian Literature
12. The Nordic model and Israel
13. The Nordic Model - summary
Additional Reading Material:
End of year written/oral examination 0 %
Presentation 40 %
Participation in Tutorials 10 %
Project work 50 %
Assignments 0 %
Reports 0 %
Research project 0 %
Quizzes 0 %
Other 0 %