2nd degree (Master)
Dr. Yiftah Elazar
Coordinator Office Hours:
Mondays 15:30-16:30 Room 4316 (Social Sciences)
Dr. Yiftah Elazar
Adam Smith is one of the founders of modern economics and has long been regarded as one of the fathers of free market ideology. In recent decades, groundbreaking studies have illuminated the way in which his theory of economics integrates with his moral and political philosophy. A revisionist school of interpretation, which has developed in this context, sees Smith not only as a champion of the free market, but also as a critic of its limitations and dangers. This interpretation was picked up by US President Barack Obama, who drew on Adam Smith’s work in arguing for raising the minimum wage in the US.
In this seminar, we examine Smith’s moral and political philosophy. The seminar is based on reading his two major works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and the Wealth of Nations (1776), and on reading some of the thinkers that Smith engaged with, including Bernard Mandeville and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. We also discuss some of the recent scholarship on Smith's moral and political philosophy.
The seminar provides grounds for a reassessment of Smith as one of the prominent moral and political philosophers of the age of enlightenment. It presents his theory of economics was part of an intellectual project that sought to address fundamental questions on morality, progress, wealth, liberty, justice, and equality.
Methodologically, the seminar combines philosophical analysis of concepts and arguments with a contextual approach, which examines texts in their historical, philosophical, and ideological context. The seminar is intended to provide students with basic tools for conducting research in the history of political thought through practicing textual analysis and through discussing current research and debates in this field.
To gain insight into the work of one of the most influential thinkers in modernity
To discuss fundamental questions of modern moral and political philosophy
To expose students to recent studies and debates in political thought
To learn how how to conduct research in the history of political thought
Learning outcomes - On successful completion of this module, students should be able to:
To understand some of the intellectual foundations of capitalism and liberalism
To critically read and analyze primary and secondary texts in the history of political thought
To conduct research in the history of political thought
Teaching arrangement and method of instruction:
Required reading and preparation at home, discussion in class, student presentations in class
Partial list of topics to be discussed:
Smith’s intellectual project, then and now
Smith and Rousseau
The foundations of Smith's moral philosophy
Sympathy and moral imagination
The impartial spectator
The pursuit of wealth
Justice and injustice
The beauty of utility and the force of custom
The character of virtue
Patriotism, good citizenship, and revolution
The development of society and government
Smith's concept of liberty
Justice in the family: women and slaves
The paradox of inequality and wealth
The Adam Smith Problem
Value, Labor, and Power
Wages, poverty, and equality
Capital and productive labor
The unnatural growth of wealth
The critique of mercantilism and the invisible hand
Physiocracy and the system of natural liberty
The duties of the sovereign: military defense and the administration of justice
Education, stupidity, and alienation
Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759)
Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
Adam Smith, Lectures on Jurisprudence [1762-1764]
Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees (1714, 1729)
Francis Hutcheson, An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue in Two Treatises 
David Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature [1739-40]
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men (1755)
Additional Reading Material:
See the detailed syllabus, to be published in the beginning of the year
End of year written/oral examination 0 %
Presentation 0 %
Participation in Tutorials 0 %
Project work 100 %
Assignments 0 %
Reports 0 %
Research project 0 %
Quizzes 0 %
Other 0 %
Details in online course system and in syllabus are subject to change.
Final paper. For students taking this class as a regular course. 10-15 pages double-spaced. Deadline: 31 August 2019. Contribution to class grade (assuming satisfactory fulfillment of additional obligations detailed below): 100%
- or -
Research paper. For students taking this class as a research seminar. 20-30 pages, double-spaced. Deadline: 30 September 2019. Contribution to class grade (assuming satisfactory fulfillment of additional obligations detailed below): 80%. Contribution to separate research paper grade: %100.
Research proposal. For students taking the class as a research seminar. Deadline: 2 June 2019. Contribution to course grade: 20%.
Attendance and participation. Up to four classes overall may be missed without documentation or penalty. Any additional absence without authorization will incur a penalty of one course grade point.
Participation. Students are expected to read the texts at home and contribute to the discussion in class. Substantive contribution to the discussion concretely addresses the relevant texts and demonstrated close familiarity with them as well as critical reflection. Up to two points may be taken off the course grade in the absence of substantive contribution along the year.
Presentations. Each student will present at least one secondary text in class. Failing to fulfill this obligation will incur a penalty of two points taken off the course grade. Bonus points will be given for excellent presentations.