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Last update 16-02-2014
HU Credits: 2

Degree/Cycle: 1st degree (Bachelor)

Responsible Department: Institute of Archaeology

Semester: 1st Semester

Teaching Languages: Hebrew

Campus: Mt. Scopus

Course/Module Coordinator: Dr. K Cytryn-Silverman

Coordinator Email:

Coordinator Office Hours: Wed 11:00-12:00

Teaching Staff:
Dr. Katia Cytryn-Silverman

Course/Module description:
The course presents the main ceramic categories and typology of vessel types in a chronological way, from the 7th through the 16th century. The course also emphasizes the methodological aspects of the use of pottery as a dating agent, while also teaching how to organize the assemblages and prepare them for publication.

Course/Module aims:
The course aims at giving the student of archaeology, Islamic studies and history of art, means of identifying the pottery of the Islamic period, both for archaeological purposes(dating and distribution) and for the research of the material culture of the period.

Learning outcomes - On successful completion of this module, students should be able to:
The student should be able to identify the main ceramic types typical of the Islamic period in Palestine, and their date.

Attendance requirements(%):

Teaching arrangement and method of instruction: Hands-on at the Collections Hall, assisted by power point presentations.

Course/Module Content:
1- introduction and concepts
2-3-the transitional period, the 6th-7th century
4-the Umayyad period
5-the Abbasid period - the Central Islamic lands
6- the Abbasid period- Palestine and surroundings
7- the Fatimid period
8- lamps of the early Islamic period
9- drill - identification and writing
10- the Crusader period - imports
11 - the Crusader-Ayyubid periods
12-13- the Mamluk period

Required Reading:
First Unit: The Seventh-Century- the transition between the Byzantine to the Early Islamic Period

Adan-Bayewitz, D. 1986. “The Pottery from the Late Byzantine Building (Stratum 4) and its Implications,” in L.I. Levine and E. Netzer (eds.), Excavations at Caesarea Maritima 1975, 1976, 1979. Final Report (Qedem 21), Jerusalem: 90–129.
Hayes, J.W. (1972), Late Roman Pottery, London.
idem (1980), A Supplement to Late Roman Pottery, London.
Magness, J. (1993), Jerusalem Ceramic Chronology circa 200-800 CE, Sheffield.
Nevo, Y. D. )1985(, Sde Boqer and the Central Negev: 7th–8th Century AD, Jerusalem.
Rosenthal-Heginbottom, R. (1988), “The Pottery,” in Y. Tsafrir (ed.), Rehovot-in-the-Negev (Qedem 25), Jerusalem: 78–96.
Smith, R.H. and Day, L.P. (1989) Pella of the Decapolis II: Final Report on the College of Wooster Excavations in Area IX, the Civic Complex, 1979-1985, 2 vols., London.

Second Unit: The Abbasid and Fatimid Periods

Arnon 2008

Baramki, D.C. (1944), “The Pottery from Kh. el-Mefjer,” Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities of Palestine 10: 65–103.

Cytryn-Silverman, K. (2010), "Ramla – The Pottery Results," in O. Gutfeld (ed.), Ramla- Final Report on the Excavations North of the White Mosque, Qedem 51 - Monograph of the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem: 97-213.
Lane, A. (1939) "Glazed Relief Ware of the Ninth Century A.D.," Ars Islamica 6: 56-65.
Mason, R.B. and Keall, E.J. (1990), “Petrography of Islamic Pottery from Fustat,” Journal of the American Research Center of Egypt 28: 165–184.
Rodziewicz, M. (1978), “La céramique emailée copte de Kôm el-Dikka,” Études et Traveaux 10: 337–49.
Rosen-Ayalon, M. and Eitan, A. (1969), Ramla Excavations. Finds from the VIIIth Century C.E., Jerusalem.
Scanlon, G. (1986), Fustat Expedition Final Report. Vol. 1: Catalogue of Filters, American Research Center in Egypt Reports 8, Winona Lake.
Scanlon, G. (1988), "Fatimid Underglaze Painted Wares: A Chronological Readjustment" in F. K. a. R. D. McCheshey (ed.), Essays on Islamic Culture in Honour of Richard Bayly Winder, New York: 185-195.
Whitcomb, D. (1988), “Khirbet al-Mafjar Reconsidered: The Ceramic Evidence,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 271: 51–67.
Whitcomb, D. (1989), “Coptic Glazed Ceramics from the Excavation at Aqaba, Jordan,” Journal of the American Research Center of Egypt 26: 167–182.

Third Unit: The Crusader and Ayyubid Periods

Additional Reading Material:
First Unit: The Seventh-Century- the transition between the Byzantine to the Early Islamic Period

Arnon, Y. )2008(, Caesarea Maritima, The Late Periods (700–1291 CE), British Archaeological Reports (BAR International Series 1771), Oxford.

Gawlikoaski, M. (1986), "A Residential Area by the South Decumanus," in F. Zayadine (ed.), Jerash Archaeological Project 1981-1983 (Amman), 107-136.

Gichon, M. (1974), “Fine Byzantine Wares from the South of Israel,” Palestine Exploration Quarterly 106: 119–139, Pls. XIX–XXII.
Hamilton, R.W. (1944), “Excavations against the North Wall of Jerusalem, 1937–8,” Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities of Palestine 10: 1–54.

Lenzen, C.J. (1983), The Byzantine/Islamic Occupation at Caesarea Maritima as Evidenced through the Pottery, unpublished M.A. dissertation, Graduate School of Drew University, New Jersey.

McNicoll, A., Smith, R.H. and Hennessy, B. (1982), Pella in Jordan 1. An Interim Report on the Joint University of Sydney and the Colllege of Wooster Excavations at Pella 1979–1981, Canberra.

Melkawi, A., ‘Amr, K., and Whitcomb, D. S. (1994), “The Excavation of Two Seventh Century Pottery Kilns at Aqaba," Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 38: 447-68.

Najjar, M. and Sa‘id, F. (1994), "A New Umayyad Church at Khilda - Amman," Liber Annuus 44: 547-560.

Northedge, A. (1992), Studies on Roman and Islamic cAmm«n I. History, Site and Architecture, London.

Oked, S.H. (1993), The Pottery of the Late Byzantine and Early Arab Periods at Tel Nessana, unpublished M.A. dissertation, Land of Israel Studies Department, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Hebrew).

Riley, J. (1975), “The Pottery from the First Session of Excavation in the Caesarea Hippodrome,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 218: 25–63.

Rodziewicz, M. (1976), Alexandrie I. La céramique romaine tardive d’Alexandrie, Varsovie.

idem (1984), Alexandrie III. Les habitations romaines tardives d’Alexandrie, Warsaw.

Schaefer, J. (1986), “An Umayyad Potters’ Complex in the North Theatre, Jerash,” in F. Zayadine (ed.), Jerash I. Archaeological Project, Amman: 411–435.

Smith, R.H. (1973), Pella of the Decapolis I, The 1967 Season of the College of Wooster Expedition to Pella, London.

Walmsley, A.G. and Smith, R.H. (1992) “The Islamic Period,” in A. McNicoll et al. (eds.), Pella in Jordan 2. The Second Interim Report of the Joint University of Sydney and College of Wooster Excavations at Pella 1982–1985, Sydney, 183–198.

Watson, P. )1992(, “Change in Foreign and Regional Economic Links with Pella in the Seventh Century A.D.: The Ceramic Evidence,” in P. Canivet and J.-P. Rey-Coquais (eds.), La Syrie de Byzance à l’Islam, Damascus: 237–248.

Wilson, J. and Sa'd, M. (1984), "The Domestic Material Culture of Nabataean to Umayyad Period Bosra," Berytus 32: 35-147.

Zayadine, F. (1986), "The Jerash Project for Excavation & Restoration," in F. Zayadine (ed.), Jerash Archaeological Project 1981-1983 (Amman).

Second Unit: The Abbasid and Fatimid Periods

Bianquis, T., Scanlon, G.T. and Watson, A. (1974), “Numismatics and the Dating of Early Islamic Pottery in Egypt,” in D. Kouymijiam (ed.), Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy and History: Studies in Honor of G.C. Miles, Beirut: 163–173.

De Vaux, R. and Stève, A.M. (1950), Fouilles à Qaryet el-cEnab, Ab­ Çôsh, Palestine, Paris.

Jenkins, M. (1992), “Early Islamic Pottery: The Eleventh Century Reconsidered,” Muqarnas 9: 56–66.

Kletter, R. (2005), “Early Islamic Remains at cOpher Park, Ramla,” cAtiqot 49: 57–99.
Kubiak, W. and Scanlon, G.T. (1973), “Fustat Expedition: Preliminary Report, 1966,” Journal of the American Research Center of Egypt 10: 11–25.

Kubiak, W. and Scanlon, G.T. (1989), Fustat Expedition Final Report, Vol. 2:II: FUStat-C (American Research Center in Egypt Reports vol. 11), Winona Lake, IN.

Najjar, M. (1989), “Abbasid Pottery from el-Muwaqqar,” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 33: 305–322.

Oren, E. (1971), "Early Islamic Material from Ganei-Hamat (Tiberias)," Archaeology 24, 274-277.

Rosen-Ayalon, M. (1974), Ville royale de Suse IV: La poterie islamique (Mémoires de la Mission de la Délégation Archéologique en Iran 50), Paris.

Sarre, F. (1925), Die Keramik von Samarra, Berlin.

Scanlon, G.T. (1968), “Ancillary Dating Materials from Fustat,” Ars Orientalis 7: 1–17.

idem(1971), “The Fustat Mounds: A Shard Count,” Archaeology 24 (3): 220–223.

idem (1974), “The Pits of Fustat: Problems of Chronology,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 60: 60–78.

idem(1976), “Fustat Expedition: Preliminary Report 1968, Part II,” Journal of the American Research Center of Egypt 13: 69–89.

idem (1981), “Fustat Expedition: Preliminary Report 1972, Part I,” Journal of the American Research Center of Egypt 18: 57–84.

idem (1984), “Moulded Early Lead Glazed Wares from Fustat: Imported or Indigenous?” in A. Green (ed.), Studies in Honour of Prof. Muhammad al-Nuwayhi, Cairo: 65–96.

Sharon, M. (1996), “Arabic Inscriptions from Caesarea Maritima: A Publication of the Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae,” in A. Raban and K.G. Holum (eds.), Caesarea Maritima. A Retrospective after Two Millennia, Leiden: 401–440. (FOR STAMPED HANDLES)

Stacey, D. (2004), Excavations at Tiberias, 1973–1974 – The Early Islamic Periods, IAA Reports 21, Jerusalem.

Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2008. Ramla (South)—An Early Islamic Industrial Site and Remains of Previous Periods (Salvage Excavation Reports 5), Tel Aviv.

Walmsley, A.G. (1986), “The Abbasid Occupation in Area XXIX. Preliminary Report on the University of Sydney’s Seventh Season of Excavations at Pella (²abaqat Fa¯l) in 1985,” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 30: 182–195.

Walmsley, A.G. (1993) “Tell al-Husn (Area XXXIV),” in A.G. Walmsley, P.G. Macumber, P.C. Edwards, S.J. Bourke and P.M. Watson, The Eleventh and Twelfth Seasons of Excavations at Pella (Tabaqat Fahl) 1989–1990, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 37: 198–218.

Whitcomb, D. (1987), "Excavations at 'Aqaba, First Preliminary Report," ADAJ 31: 247-266.

Whitcomb, D. (1988), “A Fatimid Residence at Aqaba,” Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan 32: 207–224.

Wilkinson, C.K. 1973. Nishapur: Pottery of the Early Islamic Period, Greenwich, CT.

Third Unit: The Crusader and Ayyubid Periods

Allan, J. and Roberts, C. (eds.) (1987), Syria and Iran- Three Studies in Medieval Ceramics, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art IV, Oxford.
Avissar, M. )1996( “The Medieval Pottery,” in A. Ben-Tor, M. Avissar and Y. Portugali (eds.), Yoqnecam I. The Late Periods (Qedem Reports 3), Jerusalem, 75–172.
Avissar, M. and Stern, E.J. (2005), Pottery of the Crusader, Ayyubid and Mamluk Periods in Israel, IAA Reports 26, Jerusalem.
Boas, A. (1991), Provenience Study of some Fine tablewares Imported into the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Jerusalem.
Lane, A. (1937), “Medieval Finds at Al Mina in North Syria,” Archaeologia 87: 27–78.
Pringle, D. (1984), “Thirteenth-Century Pottery from the Monastery of St. Mary of Carmel,” Levant 16: 91–111.
------------- (1985), “Medieval Pottery from Caesarea: The Crusader Period,” Levant 17: 171–202.
------------- (1986), Excavations at the Red Tower (al-Burj al-Ahmar)—Settlement in the Plain of Sharon at the Time of the Crusaders and Mamluks A.D. 1099–1516, London.

Fourth Unit :The Ayyubid and Mamluk Periods
Avissar and Stern 2005.
Bahgat, A.B. 1915. “Les fouilles de Foustât, découverte d’un four de potier arabe datant du XIVe siècle,” Bulletin de l’Institut Égyptien 5 (8): 233–245.
Boas, A. 2006. “The Medieval Ceramics from Khirbat Kackul,” cAtiqot 54: 75–104.
Buerger, J.E. 1979. “The Medieval Glazed Pottery,” in S. McNally et al. (eds.) Diocletian’s Palace III, Split: 11–105. (FOR IMPORTED WESTERN WARES)
Cytryn-Silverman, Herod’s Gate (see above).
De Vaux and Stève 1950 (see above).
Gayraud, R.P. (1986), “Céramiques trouvées lors de la restauration de la Madrasa Tatâr al-Hi¿âziyya (Le Caire),” Annales Islamogiques 22: 35–49.
Gutiérrez, A. (2000), Mediterranean Pottery in Wessex Households (13th to 17th Centuries) (BAR British Series 306), Oxford. (RELEVANT FOR IMPORTED WESTERN WARES)
Jenkins, M. (1984), “Mamluk Underglaze-Painted Pottery: Foundations for Future Study,” Muqarnas 2: 95–114.
Kareem, J.M.H. (2000), The Settlement Patterns in the Jordan Valley in the Middle to Late Islamic Period (BAR International Series S877), Oxford. (chapter 4: The Pottery Assemblage)
Marzouk, M.A. (1959), "Egyptian Sgraffito Ware excavated at Kom-ed-Dikka in Alexandria", Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts, University of Alexandria XIII: 3-23.
Milwright, M. (2003), “Modest Luxuries: Decorated Lead-glazed Pottery in the South of Bilad al-Sham (Thirteenth-Fourteenth Century),” Muqarnas 20: 85–111.
------------------ (2008), The Fortress of Raven – Karak in the Middle Islamic Period (1100-1650), Leiden/Boston. (part two: The Middle Islamic Ceramics from Karak)
Poulsen, V. (1957), "Les Poteries" in P. J. a. P. Riis V. (ed.), Hama. Fouilles et Recherches, les verreries et poteries, 1931-1938, Copenhagen.
Scanlon, G.T. (1984), "Mamluk Pottery: More Evidence from Fustat", Muqarnas 2:115-26.
----------------- (1971), “The Fustat Mounds: A Shard Count,” Archaeology XXIV, no.3, June: 220-33.
Schaefer, J. (1989), “Archaeological Remains from Medieval Islamic Occupation of the Northwest Negev Desert,” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 274: 33–60.
Stern, E. (1999), “The Pottery of the Thirteenth-Fifteenth Centuries from Givcat Yasaf (Tell er-Ras),” cAtiqot 37: 125–136 (Hebrew, English summary: 174*).
Tushingham, A. D. (1985), Excavation in Jerusalem 1961-1967, Toronto. (INCLUDES MATERIAL FROM EARLIER PERIODS, BUT ASSEMBLAGES ARE TOO MIXED)
Toueir K. (1973), “Céramiques Mameloukes à Damas,” Bulletin d’Études Orientales 26: 209–217.
Wightman, G.J. (1989), The Damascus Gate, Jerusalem. Excavations by C.M. Bennett and J.B. Hennessy at the Damascus Gate, Jerusalem 1964–66, Oxford.

Fifth Unit: The Ottoman Period
Boas, A. (2000), “Pottery and Small Finds from the Late Ottoman Village and the Early Zionist Settlement,” in Y. Hirschfeld (ed.), Ramat HaNadiv Excavations, Final Report of the 1984–1998 Seasons, Jerusalem, 547-580.
Wightman 1989 (see above)

Lamps: to be studied with the related pottery , according to units above
See also biblio above.
‘Amr , A.J. (1984), “Some Ayyubid pottery lamps from Rujm al-Kursi and other related Mamluk examples,” Berytus 32: 201-210.
-------------- (1986), “Some Unusual Glazed Mamluke Saucer Lamps,” Levant 18: 155-161.
-------------- (1986), “More Islamic Inscribed pottery lamps from Jordan,” Berytus 34: 161-168.
Arnon, Y. D. (2008), "The Ceramic Oil Lamps of the Transitional and Medieval Period from Caesarea Maritima (640-1300 CE): A Chronological and Typological Study," in K.G. Holum and A. Raban, Caesarea Reports and Studies excavations 1995-2007 within the Old City and the Ancient Harbor (Oxford), 213-269.
Day, F. (1942), "Early Islamic and Christian Lamps," Berytus 7, 64-79.
Gawlikowski, M. (1995), "Arab Lamp-Makers in Jerash, Christian and Muslim," K. ‘Amr et al. (eds.), Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan V: Art and Technology throughout the Ages, Amman, 669-672.
Gertner, Y. (1999), Oil Lamps from the Hellenistic through the Mamluk Periods at Sepphoris: M.A. Dissertation, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Gichon, M. and Linden, R. (1984), “Muslim Oil Lamps from Emmaus,” Israel Exploration Journal 34/2–3: 156–169.
Hadad, Sh. (2002), The Oil Lamps from the Hebrew University Excavations at Bet Shean (Qedem Reports 4), Jerusalem.
Hadad, Sh. and Khamis, E. (1998), "Inscribed Pottery Lamps from the Early Islamic Period at Beth Shean," IEJ 48: 66-76.
Kawatoko, M. (1987), "Oil Lamps from al-Fustat," Orient 23: 25-53.
Kennedy, C. A. (1963), "The Development of the Lamp in Palestine," Berytus 14: 67-115.
Khairy, N. I. and ‘Amr, A.-J. A. (1986), "Early Islamic Inscribed Pottery Lamps from Jordan," Levant 18: 143-153.
Kherberg, I. (1989), "Selected Lamps and Pottery from the Hippodrome at Jerash," Syria 66, 85-97.
Koutsoukou, A. (1997), "Ceramic Lamps," in A. Koutsoukou et al. (eds.), The Great Temple of Amman: The Excavation, Amman, 119-126.
Kubiak, W.B (1970), “Medieval Ceramic Oil Lamps from Fustat," Ars Orientalis 8: 1-18.
Lapp, E. C. (1995) "The 1993 and 1994 Seasons at Umm al-Jimal, Byzantine and Early Islamic Oil Lamp Fragments from House 119 at Umm al-Jimal," ADAJ 39, 437-445.
Magness J. (2008), "The Oil Lamps from the South Cemetery," in G. Avni et al. (eds.), The Necropolis of Bet Guvrin-Eleutheropolis (Jerusalem), 121-178.
Rosen-Ayalon and Eitan 1969 (see above)
Rosenthal, R. and Sivan, R. (1978), "Islamic Lamps," in: Ancient Lamps in the Schloessinger Collection (Jerusalem), 129-139.
Scholl, T. (1986), "The Chronology of Jerash Lamps: A Preliminary Report," in F. Zayadine (ed.), Jerash Archaeological Project 1981-1983 (Amman), 163-166.
Vine, K. and Hartelius, G. (1986), "Ceramic Lamps from the Hippodrome of Caesarea Maritima - 1974," in: Geraty, L.T. and Herr, L.G. (eds.), The Archaeology of Jordan and Other Studies (Berrien Springs) 365-426 (esp.389-397).

Historical Background
1. àðö' ìçôéøåú àøëéàåìåâéåú áà"é (äåöàä çãùä)- áéú ùàï, ôìä, àáå âåù, ç'øáú àì-îôâ'ø, øîìä
2. R. Ettinghausen and O. Grabar (1987), The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250, New York.
3. Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition
4. Index Islamicus

General Reading
Fehérvári, G. (1973), Islamic Pottery. A Comprehensive Study Based on the Barlow Collection, London.
Fehérvári, G. (2000), Ceramics of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum. London/New York.
Frierman, J.D. 1975. Medieval Ceramics: VI to XIII Centuries, University of California, Los Angeles.
Grube, E.J. (1976), Islamic Pottery of the Eighth to the Fifteenth Century in the Keir Collection, London.
Lane, A. (1947), Early Islamic Pottery: Mesopotamia, Egypt and Persia, London.
---------- (1971), Later Islamic pottery: Persia, Syria, Egypt, Turkey, London (2nd edition).
Munsell Soil Color Charts, 1971. Baltimore.
Philon, H. (1980), Early Islamic Ceramics, Ninth to Late Twelfth Centuries, Benaki Museum of Athens.
Watson, O. (2006), Ceramics from Islamic Lands, London.

Course/Module evaluation:
End of year written/oral examination 70 %
Presentation 0 %
Participation in Tutorials 0 %
Project work 0 %
Assignments 0 %
Reports 0 %
Research project 0 %
Quizzes 30 %
Other 0 %

Additional information:
Final task
Written essay on a pottery assemblage, in the format of a short article for publication. Assemblages will be individual, and the student will be given a full day to prepare her/his essay.
Students needing academic accommodations based on a disability should contact the Center for Diagnosis and Support of Students with Learning Disabilities, or the Office for Students with Disabilities, as early as possible, to discuss and coordinate accommodations, based on relevant documentation.
For further information, please visit the site of the Dean of Students Office.